Unfortunately, a hemorrhoid during pregnancy is a common occurrence especially during the third trimester of a pregnancy. It is a medical condition in which there is a swelling of the veins in the rectum. In occurs frequently in pregnant women due to the increase in progesterone. This hormone slows down the intestinal tract that leads to increased straining. In addition to that, the growing uterus causes an increase in pressure around the pelvis. Besides that, having constipation during pregnancy too may cause this. These two cause decrease in the blood flow to the lower part of the body, thus increasing the swelling in the veins. The symptoms accompanying these condition are lump or a mass protrusion, itchiness, painful swelling especially during bowel movement and bleeding. This condition has to be treated in order to prevent further complications such as anal prolapse and thrombosis.
Fortunately, for most women, hemorrhoids will go away after the delivery of the baby as the causes of hemorrhoids will be reversed. Meanwhile, there are several steps to help you deal with hemorrhoids during pregnancy as below:
- Increase fibre content in the diet
Consuming a high-fibre diet aids in making the stool softer and easier to pass motion. This reduces constipation as well as treating and preventing hemorrhoids.
- Stool softener
Stool-softening agents can help to avoid straining and constipation.
- Increase fluid intake
Aside from decreasing straining and constipation, consuming at least six glasses of water a day is not only beneficial to the digestive tract, it also benefits the body as a whole.
- Use anti-hemorrhoidal analgesics
There are several over-the-counter creams and ointments available that helps shrink the swelling, reduce the pain and provide a soothing layer that is protective. Some may also contain steroids that are aimed at reducing the inflammation in the case of moderate to severe hemorrhoids.
- Avoid sitting for a prolonged time
This is because the muscle around the anus relaxes for too long. This causes the pooling of blood in the veins, subsequently increasing the pressure in the area causing hemorrhoids. Try to refrain from this to make sure the blood keeps flowing. If your job requires long hours of sitting, make it a habit to get up every 30 minutes to stretch or walk around.
- Place baking soda in a warm bath
When applied to the affected area, it will reduce the itchiness and pain sensation due to constipation or hemorrhoids.
- Use a sitz bath
A sitz bath is a warm and salty bath that provides relief from pain and itchiness at the anal region. This can simply be done in a bath tub or a plastic kit. It is known to be 100 percent effective in treating hemorrhoids in pregnant women when it is done three times a day.
- Make sure of a healthy pregnancy weight gain
It is recommended that a healthy weight gain for a woman with an average pre-pregnancy weight is about 12 to 15 kg. This is due to the fact that an excessive weight gain will add up on the pressure in the rectum and this predisposes the pregnant woman to hemorrhoids.
As hemorrhoids will get better after child birth especially after four to eight weeks and provided that the cause is pregnancy, procedures such as surgery may not be necessary. This is because there will be a shift in the levels of progesterone causing relief of symptoms. Controlling constipation will lighten up the symptoms of hemorrhoid. In the event of excessive bleeding, it is highly advised to consult a doctor for further clarification. You can read more about hemorrhoids or buasir answers by DoctorOnCall on their website.