Coronary artery disease (CAD) is an extremely severe ailment in which the arteries that supply blood to the heart become impaired. This ailment is known as the coronary heart disease (CHD) as well. CAD essentially is quite a common form of heart disorder, and tends to affect about 16.5 million people in America, including the ones living in the state of Arizona. This is also one of the leading causes of death for both men and women in the United States. It ideally is estimated that in every 40 seconds, someone in the United States has a heart attack. A heart attack can quite commonly be caused by uncontrolled CAD. The most common cause of CAD is vascular injury with cholesterol plaque buildup in the arteries, known as atherosclerosis. Reduced blood flow occurs when one or more of these arteries become partially or completely blocked.
Dr. Roger Olade underlines the causes of coronary artery disease. Dr. Olade is a highly reputed Arizona based medical professional. He has more than 15 years of experience in clinical and healthcare administration. He ideally specializes in the domain of internal medicine. With his extensive knowledge about the healthcare and medical industry, he underlies the various important aspects of coronary artery disease. He says that there are four key arteries present on the surface of the heart. They are the:
- Right main coronary artery
- Left main coronary artery
- Left circumflex artery
- Left anterior descending artery
All of these arteries are responsible for bringing nutrient rich blood and oxygen to the heart. Heart is basically a muscle that is primarily responsible for pumping blood throughout the body. As per reports, a healthy heart tends to move about 000 gallons of blood through the body of a person on a daily basis. Like any other type of muscle or organ, the heart should ideally receive a dependable and adequate supply of blood, so as to carry out its work in an efficient manner. Reduced blood flow to the heart of a person might cause symptoms of CAD, as per Dr. Roger Olade. As a medical professional, Dr.Olade has always maintained an action oriented approach. Right from simple back pain to conditions severe as coronary artery disease, he has a good idea about diverse types of ailments.
As per Dr.Olade, in case the heart does not get adequate amount of arterial blood, people might experience diverse symptoms of CAD. One of the most common ones being Angina or chest discomfort. People ideally this discomfort as:
- Chest pain
However, these symptoms can quite often be mistaken for heartburn or indigestion as well. There are a few other symptoms of CAD as well, such as:
- Pain in the arms or shoulders
- Shortness of breath
People might experience more symptoms as their blood flow becomes more restricted. In case a blockage cuts off the blood flow completely then the heart muscle will ideally begin to die if not restored in time. This is what basically results in a heart attack. Dr. Roger Olade advises on not ignoring these symptoms, especially if they are extremely excruciating or last longer than five minutes. In this scenario, immediate medical treatment is ideally required.
Having a good understanding of the risk factors for coronary artery disease can go a long way in preventing the likelihood of developing this ailment. These risk factors are:
- Unhealthy eating habits
- High blood pressure
- High blood cholesterol levels
- Tobacco smoking
- Obstructive sleep apnea
- Emotional stress
- Excessive alcohol consumption
People should ideally visit any renowned hospital for a proper diagnosis in case they observe any indication of coronary artery disease.